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F22 Training

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Following data, info, and article written and used from Boeing

Boeing, teamed with Lockheed Martin and Pratt & Whitney to design and build the F-22 Raptor for the U.S. Air Force, also is under contract to develop and implement the overall F-22 training system. The system will be used to train F-22 pilots, as well as maintainers of the fleet.

The F-22 training system comprises three elements:

  • The Pilot Training System
  • The Maintenance Training System
  • The Training System Support Center

Training system assets include pilot and maintenance trainers (simulators), instructor-led and student-paced courseware, and electronic classrooms. The multi-media courseware and classrooms exploit and extend the commercial-off-the-shelf leading-edge technology and methods used in the Boeing 777 training program.


F-22 Training SystemThe program's training system is uniquely configured to accommodate future technology and mission enhancements, including new aircraft operational flight programs, weapons and tactics additions, and courseware development and presentation tool improvements.
Pilot Training System

The Pilot Training System employs three sophisticated simulators, all made by Link Simulation & Training, formerly Raytheon Training Inc., or RTI, in Arlington, Texas. They are:

  • The Full Mission Trainer, or FMT
  • The Weapons and Tactics Trainer, or WTT
  • The Egress Procedures Trainer

The fixed-base FMT flight simulator has the visual realism and dynamics of the external landscape, atmospheric conditions, and mission threats and targets of a flight environment. With the additional fidelity of the cockpit controls, displays and instrumentation, the pilots can experience the intensity of an exciting instrument flight or combat mission scenario. The FMT's external world is seen at flight maneuvering speeds and offers visibility in all directions.

F-22 Training System In the FMT, the pilot sits in a full-scale, fully equipped cockpit set inside a partial geodesic dome with nine rear-projected facets. FMTs will be networked in groups of four co-located units at each training site. At these sites, each FMT can operate individually or with any or all of the others to conduct formation missions. FMTs, as will the F-22, incorporate video recording of cockpit and mission activities for post-flight review.

The Weapons and Tactics Trainer is a procedural trainer designed to refine airplane systems and weapon-delivery operating skills prior to training in the FMT or in an F-22. The WTT is a partial cockpit with a dynamic, forward-only, outside view, and faithfully represented mission equipment. It provides essential navigation, communication, and weapons set-up and delivery displays, panels and switches.

Pilots use the F-22 Air Force Mission Support System to prepare mission data for the FMT, the WTT and the airplane. The FMT's video equipment records cockpit instrumentation and Head-Up Display guidance cues, overlaying the outside forward field-of-view, to support off-airplane debriefing.

The Egress Procedure Trainer primarily supports pilot training on proper aircraft entry and exit under normal and emergency conditions, as well as ground and in-flight ejection.

Maintenance Training System

The U.S. Air Force base that will house the primary maintenance-training system will have seven full-scale, partial airplane mockups  built by RTI and United Scale Model  as well as a trainer engine built by Pratt & Whitney. Pratt & Whitney is also producing portions of the engine maintenance courseware. These eight devices include the fuel system; on-airplane structures repair; armament; landing gear and auxiliary power supply; aft fuselage; cockpit and forward fuselage; seat and canopy; and engines. Each operational base will have three trainers: engine; seat and canopy; and on-airplane structures repair.

F-22 Training SystemThe MTS also will employ smaller-scale laboratory and backshop settings for component-level training with a range of expendable parts and serviceable, but not flightworthy, components. The F-22's Integrated Maintenance Information System, or IMIS, the operational tool that records and networks real fleetwide maintenance information, will be fully integrated. The more complex trainers, which have onboard diagnostics like their real airplane counterpart functions, will download to IMIS to emulate the transfer and dissemination of real airplane maintenance data.

Trainees and operational flight-line mechanics will use the IMIS Portable Maintenance Aid, a laptop device carried between the flight-line aircraft or training mockups and transportable IMIS consoles.

   Classroom Instruction

Pilot and maintainer instruction will employ digitally mastered, multi-media computer-based training  desktop and wall-projected  that merges video and audio (digitized from analog recordings); sophisticated graphics (derived from actual F-22 engineering computer-aided design source material); digital photography; and lesson syllabi scripted by subject matter experts, or SMEs. Many of the pilot and maintenance SMEs have years of combat experience with current front-line military weapons and systems. F-22 Training System

The SMEs will use state-of-the-art instructional system design methods, processes and tools developed for the Boeing 777 and aircraft training program. On individual PC-based workstations, students will complete self-paced or instructor-led lessons and tests that incorporate the best in interactive graphics, video and audio.

For maintenance training, the instructor will use a console to project courseware material, send courseware select student workstations and monitor student activity.

During pilot training, students will spend time in instructor-led, multi-media, lecture-only classrooms and also weapons and tactics trainer classrooms, where instructors can project training-mission information and graphically demonstrate procedures. Students will then practice on their own WTT cockpit consoles and panels.

Training System Support Center

The Training System Support Center, or TSSC, incorporates the tools, methods, processes and technical order data source material to ensure support of the training system at all locations over the life of the F-22 program. The TSSC will modify, enhance and expand the curriculum and equipment as operational experience, and new roles and missions emerge.

The Training Management Systems, or TMS, will track student training and testing schedules, and track and schedule the availability of all training assets against real-time student requirements. This will minimize the impact training will have on equipment maintenance.

TSSC configuration management will ensure concurrency with the proper aircraft configuration and operation. Each training site will receive and retain only the most current training materials appropriate to its mission. The TSSC will prepare and distribute future training materials as new roles, missions and weapons are added to the fleet.



As part of the current Engineering and Manufacturing Development, or EMD, phase of the F-22 program, Boeing is supporting the F-22 flight-test program at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. The company is developing and conducting interim training for the Combined Test Force, which includes the initial group of operational pilots and maintainers.

Additional Boeing EMD efforts include developing and procuring all operational TSSC assets, such as secure facilities and courseware development workstations. The TSSC will retain and employ the EMD prototype pilot and maintenance training devices as part of the overall tool mix. Production devices are scheduled to be ready for training at the first training site, Tyndall Air Force Base in Florida, in January 2003.

 Boeing, June 2000

Above data, info, and article written and used from Boeing

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